:

" "

.-84

, 2000

1. 3

1.1. Internet 3

1.2. Fidonet 4

2. 5

3. 8

3.1. 8

3.2. " " 10

3.3. 12

3.4. 14

3.5. 15

19

, .

.

1.

1.1. Internet

1968

, ,

.

ARPA

Advanced Research Projects Agency

. , ,

- , ,

,

,

, , -

,

.

ARPAnet.

, ,

. ARPAnet

a priori

:

.

-

- ( ).

.

.

.

.

1973

.

, ,

, ,

.

,

Internet,

.

.

, . ,

,

,

,

. ,

.

1989 Internet ,

. 1989

Internet

MCImail.

, , Internet :

? 1969, 5 : (-,

-, -)

.

ARPAnet - , .

? 1989 - -, - ,

(),

- World Wide

Web (WWW - ).

? 1990 - 3 .

200 . .

? 1992 - 26 Web-.

? 1993 - 500 Web-.

? 1994 - 5 .

? 1995, - 15 . Web-; - 100 .

? 2000, - 2 .

300 . !

, 20% 2000

l Internet[1],

1998, 12 (12x1012

) .

?

1011 .

,

- 20 .

1.2. Fidonet

Fidonet 1984 ( WWW

)

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( 10 , ),

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usenet,

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Fidonet

.

Internet Fidonet

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Fidonet

online ( ),

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3.

3.1.

(Flo Conway),

,

, .

. , 1997

,

--,

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. ,

,

39 " "

("Heaven's

Gate"). , ,

72,

. (Marshall Herff Applewhite),

(King Do), 66 ,

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(Chuck Shramek) ,

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.

(Cortney Brown) "Art

Bell" ,

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,

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.

3.3.

66%

.

40%

(Internet Index, 1998).

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, 1999 ,

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,

.

10%

( .. , , #2, 1996).

4- 1998 ,

, ,

,

: - 40% ;

- 36%; - 28%;

- 22%; - 20%; - 20%; -

14%; - 13%; - 12%.

"" -: - 9% -

7%.

: 36%

,

(Cyber Dialogue, 1999).

, "

" [9],

, , 1992-2005

7%.

,

Internet

, .

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,

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Internet.

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3.4.

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"

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.

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Homo sapiens 90%

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105

: 1) ; 2)

; 3)

.

1-

3- . 1-

. 3-

. ,

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:

40 ( 10

7 ,

) (InternetTrak, 1998

.). ,

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(-

).

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? (HTML),

WWW ,

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"

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Web- ,

("") .

, ,

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, . ,

,

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,

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- (Internet Addiction Disorder)

1990-

,

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,

,

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(Center

for Cognitive Therapy) (Arthur T. Horvath),

, ,

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, (

),

[9]

1997 "" :

(Pathological Internet Use, PIU)

.

, -

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, (Kimberly

Young), ,

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1 5 % ,

, ,

(!).

,

,

. [11]

,

.

"

", "online "

"Perspectives: A Mental Health Magazine"[12],

Self-Help & Psychology

Magazine,[13] PsychNews International,[14]

,

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-.[15]

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1. " "

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,

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;

2.

, ,

;

3. ,

, ,

, ,

,

,

.

1. http://www.alexa.com/

2. www.fido7.org

3. www.heavensgate.com

4. http://www.geocities.com/Area51/Chamber/4544/otvet1_w.html

5. . ( ): . - .: , 1999

6. http//www.peg.arc.org/ ~dsp

7. http://science.ng.ru/comp/1999-12-15/5_internet.html

8. http://science.ng.ru/comp/1999-12-15/www.mtnlake.com/paradigm

9. .http://www.fis.utoronto.ca/~piro/addict.htm#INCIDENCE/TREATMENT

10. http://www.cmhc.com/guide/iad.htm

11. http://www.pitt.edu/~ksy/apa.html

12. Perspectives: A Mental Health Magazine -

http://www.mhnet.org/perspectives

13. Self-Help & Psychology Magazine -

http://www.cybertowers.com/selfhelp/ppc/index.shtml

14. PsychNews International - http://www.cmhc.com/pni/

15. - -

http://netaddiction.com/resources/referral_links.htm

18

 

 

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