() . () . , .

 

:

. : .

 

John wanted to publish the paper. (1)

 

:

 

 

(2)

 

John wanted to publish

the paper

:

[[John][[wanted][[to][publish][[the][paper]]]]] (3)

 

(2) (3) . . . , (1)

 

S

 

NP VP

VP

NP (4)

NPR V P V

 

DET N

John wanted to publish

the paper

 

John , , wanted publish - , to- ( to ), the - , paper - , the paper - , to publish the paper - , wanted to publish the paper - , , John wanted to publish the paper - .

 

(3) :

[S[NR[NPR John]][VP[V to][V publish][NP[DET the][N paper]]]]] (5)

 

(4) (5) ( ) .

 

()

( N, V, NP, VP, S ..) ( John wanted, to, publish, the, paper . . , . , - (), - (). :

--> (6)

 

- , - .

 

:

 

ZAW --> ZXW (7)

X, Z, W - , - .

(7) Z W.

 

A --> X êZ W (8)

S , . .

S > NP VP

NP > NPR

NP > DET N

VP > V VP

VP > P V NP

 

NPR > John, Mary, Bill

N > paper, man, cow

V > wanted, meet, want

P > to

DET > the

 

:

G , G (). , G .

G , G L(G). w G, w S, G. L (.. ) (), , L(G)=L. L , , , L(G)=L, , L(G)=L. , G , L(G) . . , .

, . , G, , G - (6, 7). G t, t . t . : (Pt) t

1. t=f ( ), Pt = f

2. t=

A

 

t0 t1 .... tn

 

Pt={A} v P(t0)P(t1)....P(tn) t0, t1 ....tn - , . ; :

S

 

A B

 

C d E

 

c e

 

Pt = {S, AB, AE, Ae, CdB, CdE, Cde,cdB, cdE, cde}

 

G - , ..

-->w/p - f

Î V - S (V - , S ), w Î V+ ( V) p, f Î V* ( V). p f - , . t G, t G. --> w/p - f

, , w t r1pfr2 , r1, r2 Î V*. p - f .

, , . t, (p - f), p, f Î V*, , ,

 

r1pfr2 (r1, r2 Î V*).

 

, .

 

-->w/

 

- .

G - t(G) - , G. , t(G) - ; .. t(G) S, - . , L(t(G)) = {x½x, t, t Î t(G)} (7).

: V = {S, T, a, b, c, e} S = {a, b, c, e}, G - .

1. S -->e

2. S --> aT

3. T --> aS

4. S --> bTc / (a_()) Ù DOM (T_)

5. T --> bSc / (a_()) Ù DOM (S_)

 

1, 2, 3 - . ( S).

, G, G1:

 

S --> e S --> aT1

S --> aT T--> aS1

T --> aS T1--> bSc

S1-->bTc

 

G1 S1 1 . , S1 1, , G1 G - G G1. (10).

 

V --> wanted½ -VP

 

(10) , , wanted V, VP ( , V). V , VP . - , .

. . . , (4, 8). [ . ( ). ]. , (4) () (4 ).

 

S

 

NP VP

NPR V VP

NP

John wanted P V

+N +V DET N

-DET- + - NP [to] publish

+Animate . +V the paper

+ - NP + DET +N

+Definite + DET -

+ Singilar

 

.

(4) () (1):

 

John wanted to publish the paper

 

().

. , ( ) . , () , , . , . , . , , , . , , (11), (12) - . (14) (13), .

John saw Mary

S

 

 

NP

AUX VP

 

NPR V NP

 

 

John past see NPK

 

Mary

 

 

Mary was seen by John.

 

S

 

NP AUX VP

 

NPR

 

 

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