TCP/IP

 

 

TCP/IP

TCP/IP

Internet, DNS, FTP, WWW,

.

IP-, DNS,

FTP.

, TELNET,

NFS, RPC.

( )

Internet.

, Internet 1969

ARPAnet. 80-

ARPAnet

Transmission ontrol Protocol/Internet Protocol

(TCP/IP)

.

, TCP/IP Internet. ,

 

,

,

,

,

.

TCP/IP " Internet".

.

UDP, ARP, ICMP, TELNET, FTP .

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CP/IP.

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TCP/IP.

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,

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,

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TCP/IP , (

),

ARP RARP,

 

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.

IP

-

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. ICMP (

) RIP, EGP, OSPF

(

).

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TCP/IP.

. Internet

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). (DNS)

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SMPT POP3.

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.

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,

.

. WWW,

.

? FTP .

.

? ( TELNET) -

.

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? (NFS) -

,

, ( TELNET)

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.

.

IP

IP- ,

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IP-.

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IP :

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IP- . ,

IP-

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IP

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.

IP- ,

,

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TCP/IP. () -

.

IP- Ethernet (

) ARP

(Address Resolution Protocol).

.

. ,

ARP ,

. IP Ethernet

 

.

IP

,

Ethernet ""

. ARP

 

.

DNS.

Internet

""

, .

. Internet

, IP

.

,

DNS (Domain Name System).

DNS. DNS

,

.

Internet IP

HOSTS.TXT

NIC . FTP

 

. .

. www . anekdot. ru.

ru, anedot

 

ru , www- anekdot.

, IP

. ,

Internet .

,

.

.

,

.

 

FTP.

,

, .

,

,

.

- ,

 

,

.

DNS

:

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"" ,

. ( )

, .

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,

,

.

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.

SMPT POP3

Internet.

, .

SMPT (Simple mailer Transfer Protocol)

SMPT

,

. ,

 

SMPT-.

,

.

, ,

.

. , ..

7- .

"".

"" ,

,

, .

, :

? From:

? T:

? Date: ,

.

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? Message-ID: ,

.

? Reply-To: ,

.

e-mail

, , ,

.. -

.

.

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions).

,

.

MIME, .:

? MIME-version MIME-

? Content-Type : text-

, multipart ,

,

? "application", "image","audio","video"-

? message

? Content Transfer Encoding ,

 

(base64,quoted-

printable,7bit,8bit,binary )

SMPT

:

? SMPT-

MAIL ,

.

SMPT , .

? SMPT RCPT ,

.

" ", , ,

.

? .

, .

SMPT :

, SMPT ,

 

.

POP3 (Post Office Protocol)

SMPT-

, e-mail

Internet.

3.

,

. ,

. 3

,

.

, - SMPT

SMPT. SMPT-

, 3 ,

.

e-mail

 

3-,

, SMPT

SMPT- .

WWW HTTP (HyperText Transfer

Protocol)

WWW (World Wide Web) ,

 

.

WWW

.

WWW-

,

Internet WWW-

. WWW

.

URI,URL,URN (Uniform Resource Identifier, Locator Name

)

,

, ,

, Internet.

:

? ( FTP WWW )

? , www . ripn . net

? ,

home/users/index.htm

http:// www. microsoft . com / readme.txt-

(URI).

.

URL,URI,URN

Internet.

HTML (HyperText MarkUp Language )

WWW . HTML

, ,

, , .. HyperText -

WWW. ,

. WWW ,

, Web WWW

.

,

. Internet,

WWW .

CGI (Common Grafic Interface)

WWW, WWW ,

.

. CGI

, ,

WWW .

"-".

.

.

:

? Proxy ,

.

? Gateway . proxy

.

.

?

? Tunnel

,

( Proxy),

.

FTP.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Internet.

. FTP

,

, ..

.

FTP FTP

User Interface FTP.

User PI

Server-PI

User-DTP

,

.

User-DTP ,

User PI

Server-PI

Server DTP ,

FTP , FTP

FTP FTP.

:

? UserPI

ServerPI,

. FTP

, ,

.

?

() .

.

? ServerDTP UserDTP

, .

.

:

1. . , Internet , "BHV-- ", 1998

304 .

2. T , . , . ,

MCSE: TCP/IP "" 1997

3. . , -: Internet, "

"

1997

1

 

 

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